Relatively recently, along with the usual white and red beans, black beans have appeared on our market. It looks somewhat frightening and even repulsive, but is it worth it to be afraid of black beans, who can eat it and is there any use for it? Now we will tell you about everything.
The homeland of black beans is Latin America, where this vegetable is familiar and has not caused surprise to anyone for a long time. Latin American beans in Russia are mainly represented by two varieties - Kidney and Preto, the first has grains of maroon color, which only from a distance seem black, the grains of the second grade are completely black, like coal. The grains of both varieties have a slightly sweet taste and are very dense in consistency. When consumed cooked without seasoning, sometimes it seems that you are not chewing a grain of beans, but a piece of smoked meat.
What are their merits? The most, perhaps, the main thing is the amazing calorie content of the product. Grains of black beans contain 341 calories, and red "only" 280. The proportion of protein is 8.9 grams, while red beans have about 8 grams per 100 grams of weight. The protein composition of black beans is as close as possible to that of animals, this is a real gift for vegetarians. Thanks to black beans, vegetarians can eat well, get the trace elements, vitamins and amino acids necessary for the human body.
Alternative medicine, with the appearance of black beans on the market, almost instantly attributed medicinal properties to this vegetable. From the colorful pages of magazines and Internet sites, we are convinced with might and main that by eating grains of black beans, we will forever save ourselves from the risk of cancer, preserve dental health, maintain skin elasticity and even restore the former hair color, completely removing gray hair.
In fact, everything is much more prosaic, black beans can be an effective nutritional complex, allowing you to maintain the body in normal conditions during periods of heavy exertion or prolonged fasting. Black beans can be used as a product that helps the normal functioning of the heart muscle, regular consumption of such beans can reduce blood cholesterol and improve brain function. Eating a nutritious food rich in amino acids and vitamins will naturally support the normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract and strengthen the immune system, but foods with a low sugar content, which black beans are, are suitable for people with type 2 diabetes.
At the same time, nutritionists consider black beans to be the most difficult food for the stomach. Therefore, if you have any problems with your stomach or intestines, then either cook the beans as long as possible, or refuse to eat them in order to avoid deterioration. It is highly discouraged to consume black beans for people suffering from gout.
Growing black beans
One way or another, but black beans are slowly conquering not only markets, but also vegetable gardens. Gardeners primarily strive to plant something unusual on their plots in order to surprise friends and neighbors, therefore, beans are often simply distributed and grown as an ornamental crop.
The agricultural technology of black beans is no different from that of the traditional varieties of this crop, which have been cultivated for many decades. In addition, black beans, like common beans, are legumes, on its roots there are nodules with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, so even growing beans "out of curiosity" will help improve the soil structure of your site and enrich it with nitrogen, especially if the entire aboveground mass at the end of the growing season, that is, in the fall, embed it in the soil, digging it deeply (with a full bayonet of a shovel).
An interesting fact is that black beans are completely unaffected by the bean weevil.Apparently, the insect is frightened off by the unnatural color of the beans, or maybe there are other reasons for this. One way or another, but a fairly common and very dangerous pest of black beans is not at all terrible.
Harvesting and storing black beans
When growing on a home plot, one of the main tasks facing the gardener is the timely harvest of black beans and high-quality drying of the harvested crop before storing.
Beans are best harvested when the pods begin to dry out and their flaps open slightly. The harvested grains must be laid out on burlap or paper, on a fine sunny day, and, stirring about once an hour, hold so until sunset. Store beans in a cool room with normal humidity. If the volume of the stored crop is small, then you can simply put the bag on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator.