The evading peony, or Maryin's root, can still be seen in the glades and edges of the taiga forests of the Urals and Siberia. The beauty of its flowers and roots, which have long been famous for their healing properties, led to the fact that in nature this species of peony became rare and was listed in the Red Book. This plant was saved from complete disappearance by its exceptional frost resistance and unpretentiousness, thanks to which today it is quite often found in amateur gardens.
It is a large perennial herb with petiolate, heavily dissected bare leaves, and has a short branched rhizome. Maryin root blooms profusely in late May for 8-10 days. The flowers are large, purple-pink, usually growing one at the top of the stem. The whole plant is very decorative.
Since ancient times, the root of this plant has been considered miraculous. Pieces of such roots were worn as beads-amulet, capable of expelling evil spirits, obsessions, and soothing convulsions. The generic name itself is derived from the Greek word "paionios" - which means "healing, healing". According to one of the legends, the origin of the generic name of the plant came from the name of the doctor Pean, a student of the god of medical art - Asclepius. Doctors of Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, China and the countries of the Arab East revered the roots of the evading peony as one of the most curative means of nature.
The roots of the evading peony contain carbohydrates, organic acids, essential oils, triterpenoids, steroids, vitamin C, aromatic compounds, phenol carboxylic acids, tannins and flavonoids. The aerial part contains tannins and vitamin C, flavonoids, alkaloids, fatty oil and a significant amount of microelements.
The preparation of raw materials for the aboveground part of the plant is carried out during the flowering period in June. When harvesting the aerial part, it must be cut off, but in no case torn off, in order to avoid damage to the renewal buds.
The plant has a powerful brownish-brown rhizome with the most powerful medicinal properties. The roots can be harvested at any time, but it is better to do this in the fall during the period of wilting of the aerial part of the plant. The roots cleaned from the ground are washed with water, dried first in the attic, and then in a dryer at a temperature of 35-40 ° C. The dried roots have a strong peculiar smell and a sweetish-burning astringent taste, for which this plant is popularly called zhgun-root or zhgun-grass.
In folk medicine, decoction of the roots is used for stomach ulcers, gastritis, colitis, gynecological diseases, bronchitis and colds. In Tibetan medicine, it is used for various gastric diseases, epilepsy and other nervous diseases. And in China, it is part of the anti-cancer training camp. It was found that the plant has anesthetic and bactericidal action. The above-ground part can also be used for the same purposes, but its effect is weaker.
With neurasthenia, insomnia, neuroses of the cardiovascular system and other nervous diseases, 10% alcohol tinctures of the roots are used.
To prepare a decoction of marin root, pour 1 teaspoon of dry crushed roots with 3 cups of hot water, boil in a water bath for 35-40 minutes, leave for 20 minutes, drain. Take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day 10-15 minutes before meals.
To prepare an alcoholic tincture from the whole plant, it is necessary to mix the dried aboveground and underground parts of the plant in equal proportions and 1 tbsp. add a spoonful of the crushed mixture to 1 glass of 70% alcohol. Insist in a dark place for 10-12 days, drain. Take 30 drops 3-4 times a day for insomnia and neurasthenic conditions.
Preparations from Maryin root give a positive effect in the treatment of oncological diseases. According to popular belief, for these purposes, rhizomes must be collected in the month of May on the growing moon.
ATTENTION: Maryin's root is poisonous! Therefore, when preparing decoctions and infusions from it at home, it is necessary to very accurately observe the dosage and use them only under the supervision of the attending physician.
Maryin's root is also used in cooking. In Siberia, its rhizomes are added as a seasoning to meat, and in Kazakhstan - in porridge. It is also used in the preparation of the famous soft drink "Baikal". Roasted roots are brewed like tea.
The evading peony is unpretentious and durable, tolerates light shading well. And the methods of caring for him are almost the same as those of varietal peonies. Therefore, every gardener is able to grow this healing, edible and beautiful plant on his site.