Useful information

Drainage of the site

It is no secret that most gardeners who received their plots during stagnation are owners of 6 acres of so-called "inconvenience", that is, land not intended for agriculture. Most often these were wetlands located in lowlands or just swamps. It is very difficult to grow a beautiful garden in such a place. It is difficult, but it is possible with the help of a number of measures to drain it. And gardeners dug drainage ditches around the perimeter of the site, around houses and buildings in order to provide drainage and make the land suitable for gardening and floriculture. Fertile soil was brought in, plants were planted in raised flower beds. And they got gardens of wondrous beauty.

Over the past decade, the situation with land allotment for summer cottages and cottage construction has changed a lot, the plots have not only become larger, but also of better quality. Unfortunately, in recent years, the weather has not spoiled us with heat and dryness. And such conditions are conducive to good growth and development of not all plants. Most ornamental plants and shrubs do not tolerate groundwater stagnation, and therefore it becomes especially important to solve the issue with the drainage of our sites.

Drainage is an engineering structure, with the help of which it is possible to lower the groundwater level in the area in order to drain it. There are three types of drainage:

  • open drain - the well-known system of open ditches, the walls of which are beveled at an angle of 20-30?.
  • French drainage system - represents ditches with steep walls, filled with stones and gravel, through which water flows into the absorption well. The well is a 1-1.2 m cubic pit filled with broken bricks, large stones and gravel.
  • closed drain - a system of closed channels made of clay, asbestos-cement or plastic pipes, used at an elevated level of groundwater. To create such a drain, a slight slope is required. The pipes can be placed in a straight line, but for more complete drainage they are laid in a herringbone pattern. The slope of the branches should be no more than 1: 250, the main pipe should have exactly the same slope to the place where the water is discharged.

Such structures will help to quickly drain not only low-lying areas, but also provide better conditions for the growth and development of plants in all flat areas, which are characterized by stagnant water after snow melt and a period of rains.

The photos show how you can decorate the drainage system in the garden. On the border of the gravel site, there is a system of drainage pipes that drain water from the site.

Having done similar activities on your site, you can enjoy the blooming of roses, bearded and dwarf irises, tree peonies, numerous lilies and phlox, geraniums and geyher. All those plants that do not tolerate stagnant groundwater.

Tatiana Zhashkova

Chairman of the Moscow Flower Club