Probably everyone has heard that apples can be kept fresh all winter. The whole secret is to choose the right variety, create optimal storage conditions, and of course, carefully remove the fruits from the tree without damaging them.
In central Russia, apples of such varieties as Bogatyr, Welsey, Melba, Northern Sinap, Zhigulevskoe, Antonovka and a number of others are suitable for long-term storage. Of the southern varieties, Macintosh, Jonathan, Renet Simirenko, Starking, Starkrimson, Golden Delicious are well stored in winter.
There are several different ways to store fresh apples in winter. Before storing apples, wipe each apple with a cloth dampened with glycerin or wrap it in paper. When storing apples, observe the following conditions: do not store them together with strongly smelling foods - onions, garlic, potatoes, maintain the air humidity of 85–90% - if it is lower, the fruits will wilt quickly. It is best to store apples at freezing temperatures.
Before putting apples for long-term storage, it is advisable to gently wipe each of them with a cloth moistened with glycerin, or wrap each fruit in thin paper. Usually apples are placed for storage in boxes or cardboard boxes, sprinkled with sand, sawdust, peat chips, shavings. Sometimes they are wrapped in newsprint or placed in storage with potatoes. There is a double effect: both the potatoes do not sprout, and the apples do not shrink. When storing apples, the following conditions must be observed: do not store them together with strongly smelling foods - onions or garlic; maintain the air humidity in the room at least 85-90% so that the fruits do not wither; the optimal storage temperature for apples is about zero degrees.
You can store apples right in the garden, in a pit 40-50 cm deep. Naturally, depending on the climatic conditions of the area where you live, the pit for winter storage of apples may be deeper or, conversely, shallower. Apples are put in plastic bags, tied and placed on the bottom of the pit. To protect apples from rodents, the bags are covered with branches of juniper or spruce, and then covered with earth. A stick is placed over the pit so as not to forget where to dig if you really want to taste fresh apples. Indeed, with this method of storage, apples resemble freshly picked ones in taste and appearance.