This is a new culture for our florists. If you are not going to devote much time to flowers, then echium is the plant for you.
Echium plants are very unpretentious and do not require special care when growing. In decorative floriculture, echium is mainly used, or, as it is now called, plantain echium (Echium plantagineum).
In its natural wild form, it is found on the Atlantic coast of France and England, grows on soils poor in nutrients, as well as on wastelands, on roadsides and in the area of dry ravine slopes. This type of echium in Russian is called an ordinary bruise.
Echium is a great plant for the front of the curb. This - an annual garden plant, forms bushes no more than 35–45 cm high. Branching stems, sometimes lodging, leaves are narrow, elongated, pubescent.
Flower breeders have bred several cultivated forms, distinguished by the compactness of the bushes, which do not exceed 30 cm in height. Branching stems are pubescent with narrow leaves. Fragrant flowers that do not fade for a long time form dense heads. Blooms from late June until frost.
The Bedder Mixture variety has flowers in white, lilac, blue and pink. The Blue Bedder is distinguished by its bright blue color of the corollas. His buds are pink, and wilted flowers turn crimson. The petals of the Light Blue Bedder are pale blue. They go well with other plants with flowers of yellow, pink and apricot colors.
Echium blooms nonstop from the end of June until the very frost with pretty white, blue or pink flowers, collected in dense capitate inflorescences. The flowers are fragrant, long unfading, small, irregular in shape. During flowering, echium attracts a large number of pollinating insects to the garden.
Growing conditions... Echium prefers open, sunny locations with well-drained, moderately nutritious, lime-rich rocky soil. The plant does not tolerate damp places.
Watering... The plant is drought-resistant, withstands frosts down to -3 ° С. It is not necessary to be especially zealous with watering. Even in the heat, watering should be moderate, if there is a lot of moisture for the plant, then the roots begin to rot. It is also not necessary to feed, otherwise the plant will begin to build up green mass, and the flowering will be weak. Echium is photophilous, tolerates small short-term frosts.
Echium multiplies with seeds without any problems. In early April, they are sown for seedlings, then dive into small pots, and by mid-May they can already be planted in a permanent place. You can also sow directly into the ground at the end of April or at the beginning of May. But at the same time, the flowering itself will come a little later.
Seedlings develop and bloom quickly. The first shoots appear in 2-3 weeks (sometimes earlier) at a temperature of 18 ° C. When planting seedlings in open ground, it is recommended to maintain a distance between the nearest plants of at least 35–40 cm. Only then will each of these plants have ample space for quality development.
Caring for plants is the most elementary - weeding, shallow loosening, watering, removal of wilted flowers. No special care for these plants is required.
Echium crooked-flowered is planted in prefabricated flower beds in groups or along the edge, like a border. But it looks best in flowerpots, when its stems, bending, hang down. Echium is especially organically included in compositions in flower beds and borders, decorated in pink and blue tones. It is also perfect for alpine slides, replenishing the palette of plants for a rocky garden.
Echium is a wonderful honey plant. Therefore, bees, hornets, bumblebees will constantly circle around its flowers. This is worth remembering when placing plants on the site.
"Ural gardener # 42, 2017