To create many magnificent varieties, foreign and domestic breeders have used Lemoine's mock(Philadelphus x lemonei).
In 1884 Lemoine received the variety "Avalanche"(«Avalanche "), which is traditionally translated as "Avalanche" (popularly, for its smell, it is sometimes called "Strawberry") Is a low shrub up to 1.5 m tall with thin brown shoots covered with narrow small (up to 2 cm long) light green leaves. It blooms at the beginning of the 2nd decade of June very abundantly with simple white flowers up to 3 cm in diameter, which are formed by 1-3 on short axillary shoots and gracefully color the branches falling down, while emitting a delicate strawberry aroma. Unfortunately, this variety does not withstand temperatures below -150C. N.K. Vekhov is one of the most talented domestic collectors of the 30s of the XX century, having improved it, he received the grade "Snow avalanche", which also has a very graceful bush no more than 1.5 m in height with gracefully curved branches falling down and covered with small leaves up to 4 cm long, semi-double flowers up to 3 cm in diameter with a crenate curved edge of petals and a strong strawberry aroma. If you approach this bush during the flowering period and close your eyes, it seems that you are standing near a huge basket filled with freshly picked strawberries. The flowering is so abundant that the branches fall in a continuous white avalanche at your feet, which fully justifies the name of the variety. In addition, this variety is more winter-hardy than the Lemoine variety. "Snow avalanche" - the earliest flowering variety of chubushnik; it blooms immediately after the wild mock orange. The variety takes root well with summer green cuttings. The best time for taking cuttings is the period when young shoots, bent into a ring around the finger, do not break, and the leaves are already well formed. This variety is recommended for landscaping the middle zone of the temperate zone of Russia.
Of the foreign varieties of the Lemoine selection, which have proven themselves well in the conditions of the Moscow region, it should also be noted the variety Pyramidal "(«Pyramidal ") - a tall bush with large annual branches fan-shaped at the top of the bush and white large semi-double flowers up to 4-5 cm in diameter with a weak aroma. Flower clusters are located along the main shoot by more than 80 cm. It blooms for a long time, usually completing the flowering of the mock-orange varieties. Recommended for wide use in landscaping in central Russia.
Shows its decorative qualities well, resistance in difficult conditions of central Russia and the Lemoine variety Mont Blanc(«Mont Blanc "), which forms low (about 2 m) fluffy bushes up to 2 m in diameter with double white flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, which are located in short racemes along the entire length of the branches of last year's growth, forming luxurious flowering bushes from the ground to the top. Blooms annually and abundantly.
Researcher of the Main Botanical Garden of the Russian Academy of Sciences M.S.Aleksandrova recommends the following varieties of Lemoine selection:
- "Erectus"(«Erectus ") with simple, white, fragrant flowers. Blooms in June;
- "Manto d'Ermin"(«Manteau d ’Hermin ") with a low bush (up to 0.8 m) and white semi-double, graceful flowers. It blooms profusely and for a very long time (30-49 days). The name of this variety has long been translated into Russian. Just like the “Ermine Mantle”, this mock-orange “walks” through Russian gardens and nurseries;
- "Alabastrite"(«Alabasrite ") with inflorescences of 7-9 large (up to 5.5 cm) snow-white flowers, forming beautiful white sultans up to 50 cm long;
- "Glacier"(«Gletcher ") with dense fragrant flowers. Long bloom (up to 35 days). To preserve the decorative appearance of the bush after flowering, faded inflorescences should be cut off;
- "Anshantman"(«Enchantement ") with densely double, snow-white funnel-shaped fragrant flowers. "Anshantman" is popularly known in the translated version as "Charm";
- "Bouquet Blanche"(«Bouquet Blanche "), which translates as "White bouquet". Low, sometimes freezing shrub with densely doubled, very fragrant flowers.
The already mentioned domestic breeder NK Vekhov, who worked at the Lipetsk forest-steppe experimental station, made a significant contribution to the creation of new, magnificent and varied in decorative qualities of the mock-mushroom. The following varieties have proven themselves perfectly in the conditions of the Moscow region:
"Komsomolets" - the earliest, blooming after the variety "Snow avalanche". The bush is compact, of medium height with dark green leaves, against which snow-white inflorescences look great; the flowers are distinguished by a pure white tone, doubleness and graceful long curled petals. Flower clusters no longer than 7-8 cm with very densely spaced flowers. The disadvantage of the variety is that after flowering, the flowers do not shed their petals, which spoil the appearance of the bush for some time.
"Flight of the moths" - one of the best varieties of mid-late flowering. Tall, up to 4 m, bush of strict oval-compact shape, abundantly blooming annually. It has very graceful semi-double flowers with curved petals up to 4 cm in diameter, collected in thin openwork brushes on twigs of the second order. The inflorescences are kept above the leaves, giving the impression of a cloud of white butterflies. The bush looks unique, it can be immediately distinguished from other varieties by the originality of its appearance.
Beautiful and also original variety "Blizzard"with a bush of medium height. The inflorescences are short, dense, the flowers in them resemble large wet snowflakes. From this it seems that the storm covered the entire bush with snow, which does not melt during the flowering period.
The variety also has a unique look "Airborne assault"blooming in late June - early July. The bush is tall (more than 3 m in height), spreading, with non-double bell-shaped flowers with bright yellow stamens, which are visible from the underside of the perianths drooping down, like a parachutist in yellow clothes under a white canopy of a parachute flower. The bush in bloom is very elegant, fragrant.
Variety Elbrus forms a spreading bush of medium height; blooms annually from the end of June with semi-double flowers up to 4 cm in diameter so abundantly that sometimes well-formed leaves are not visible - the whole bush turns into a snow-white mountain top.
The variety is also peculiar "Academician Komarov", forming sparse, rather high (up to 2.5 m in height) bushes and blooming with very large - up to 10 cm in diameter - wide open white flowers that adorn the shoots almost along the entire length. Blooms in early July, has sufficient winter hardiness, needs. Like all varieties of chubushnik, in a sunny location.
Variety "Moonlight" has double, greenish-cream, graceful flowers with a delicate strawberry smell, located on a low bush up to 0.7 m high.
Densely double, medium-sized, snow-white flowers, collected in inflorescences, shaped like pompons, in the variety "Pompon".
Variety "Arctic" has terry, almost odorless, pure white flowers with a diameter of 3-3.5 cm. Long-lasting flowering (up to a month).
Star-shaped, white, large (up to 4.5 cm in diameter), double flowers with a strawberry smell are characteristic of the variety "Yunnat ". Flowering is abundant and long (up to 30 days).
In addition to colorful and richly flowering varieties, N.K. Vekhov created very original decorative deciduous non-flowering varieties that form low (no more than half a meter), dense bushes. These are varieties "Dwarf" and "Dwarf"... They have good winter hardiness, abundant branching and good leafiness of the shoots. Vekhov dreamed of using them in landscaping as large green buttons that can "fasten" lawns to the ground. Recently, the varieties of NK Vekhov have been undeservedly forgotten, but they can be found in the botanical gardens of Russia and at the Lipetsk forest-steppe experimental station.
A hybrid chubushnik girlish(Philadelphus virginalis) and with his participation, varieties were obtained that can now be purchased in large firms. "Virginal"(«Virginal ") - Lemoine variety, created in 1909. Shrub 2-3 m high with a wide crown and brown shoots, with cracking and peeling bark. Leaves are oval, pointed, up to 7 cm long, dark green, in the fall, like all chubushnikov, yellow. It blooms in July, sometimes there may be a weaker autumn bloom, white double flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, collected in inflorescences up to 14 cm. The bush retains its decorative effect for up to 20 years.
The variety obtained from the above-described variety Burfordensies(«Burfordensis "), having a bush up to 3 m high and very large (up to 7 cm in diameter) flowers.
Variety of maiden chubushnik "Shneeshturm"(«Schneesturm ") also has a bush height of up to 3 m and a width of 2 m. Shoots falling in oval-pointed small (3.5-5.5 cm in length), dark green leaves. Blooms in late June - early July with pure white, double flowers up to 5 cm in diameter.
Very interesting variety "Dame Blanche"(«Dame Blanche ")obtained by Lemoine in 1920. It is frost-resistant, withstands temperatures down to -250C. The bush is wide (1.5 m wide, 1 m high) with dark green small leaves 3.5-5.5 cm long. It blooms on the border of June and July with semi-double fragrant white flowers up to 4 cm in diameter, collected in a brush.
Tatiana Dyakova(Based on the materials of the magazine "In the world of plants, No. 8, 2003)