Section Articles

Succulent mini-gardens

Composition of succulents (Echeveria, Graptopetalum, Pachyphytum, Crassula)

There are probably few such houses where there would be no plants! Even those who are completely indifferent to flowers, just by tradition, keep some pelargonium or aloe on their windowsill ... What can we say about real enthusiasts who cherish and cherish their favorites, use every free corner in order to accommodate everything new and new pets. But the corners, at times, are often not enough! But this is not at all a reason to abandon plants in the interior, you just need to choose the right, compact plants that do not take up much space.

You can, of course, dwell on the plants formed using the "bonsai" technique, but it is difficult to "make" such a plant on your own and it takes quite a long time, and buying even a small amount of such plants is not always affordable. Therefore, our choice stops at a group of plants bearing the general name "succulents". This is not a curse, but a Latin word succulentus - juicy, or succus - juice. Many of these plants are compact, but this is not their only advantage. They are unpretentious, require a minimum of care, reproduce well vegetatively, are diverse in appearance, some bloom brightly and unusually, can grow together in one container, forming beautiful compositions that can be supplemented with decorative pebbles.

Composition of succulents in containers from under an old decorative fountainPlants with different leaf shapes and colors look good when planted together
But still, it is the compactness that first of all attracts us in this group of plants, when our window sills and balconies are not able to accommodate a large number of flowers. You can go the traditional way and plant each succulent plant in a separate pot. Pots can be of the same texture, but different sizes and shapes. You do not need to restrain your imagination, unconventional containers can also be used: used plastic cosmetic boxes, old rubber toys, glassware, metal containers. But succulents look more impressive when planted together in containers under a stone, artificially aged flower girls, ceramic containers in the form of various animals or insects. A miniature "garden in the desert" can also be arranged in an old aquarium or a large glass goblet.

It is worth experimenting with the combination of plants in color, shape and texture of the leaves. In many species, scarlet (Aloe) the leaves are decorated with thorns, sometimes subtle, sometimes frighteningly thick and strong. The leaf plate can be monochromatic (green or dark green) or variegated, with light strokes and spots.

Aloe juvenna's fearsome thorns

Some plants from the genus Haworthia (Haworthia) boast leaves adorned with transverse folds or pearl-like tubercles.

Genus peperomia (Peperomia) can offer a wide variety of mini-garden plants, with smooth, wrinkled or pubescent leaves, bluish, yellowish, reddish or traditionally green.

The milkweed (Euphorbia) there are both giant species and small plants, with purple, variegated, yellow leaves, smooth or wavy edges, with thorny stems, there are plants that resemble a smooth ball, and there are similar to cacti.

Ledeburia is suitable from bulbous succulents (Ledebouria), also called scilla, with variegated leaves and small bell-shaped flowers on spike-shaped inflorescences and a larger drymiopsis (Drimiopsis). Both plants grow rapidly, forming many baby bulbs.

Sedum compressum blooms with medium-sized yellow flowers, traditional for sedumsGraptopetalum paraguay (Graptopetalum paraquayense)
As ampelous, you can use plants from the genus Ceropegia (Ceropegia), tradescantia (Tradescantia), some types of sedum (Sedum). Rosette plants from the genus Echeveria (Echeveria), graptopetalum (Graptopetalum), aeonium (Aeonium), similar to roses, and pachyphytum (Pachyphytum) with succulent ovoid leaves. It is only necessary to take into account that with a lack of light, internodes lengthen, the plant stretches and loses its decorative effect.In this case, the plant must be cut off, the tops must be rooted, and the new plant must be grown in a lighter place.
Echeveria cushion (Eheveria pulvinata) with budsComposition of a variety of cacti
Do not forget our traditional fat women (Crassula), the species of which can serve as the dominant plant in the composition, and Kalanchoe (Kalanchoe), many species of which bloom in an original and beautiful way. Some Kalanchoe species are specially grown for cutting. When maintaining a composition of succulents, usually there are no difficulties, you just need to choose the right container and plant the plants. When choosing a container, we focus not only on our own taste, but also take into account the needs of plants. The container should have low edges, the diameter is greater than the height. Inside there may be another container with a drainage hole, if it is absent, we pour a layer of any drainage material on the bottom. River sand must be added to the soil mixture for growing succulents, half or two-thirds of the mixture, depending on the quality of the soil. It is better to use sod or leaf land, if possible, the soil mixture must be steamed.

It is necessary to think over a plan for placing plants in a container in advance, given that the composition will be viewed from different sides. Selected plants are planted not close to each other, leaving room for growth. These spaces can be decorated with decorative stones, shells, colored glass balls. Further care of the composition is reduced to rare watering and loosening of the soil mixture, if it has not been decorated.

Not all growers agree that succulents need to be fertilized, but if you decide to feed your pets, it is better to use complex mineral fertilizers in half the concentration of the recommended dosage.