Turkish carnation is very popular among gardeners. Love for her is explained by her unpretentiousness, duration of flowering and very bright color. Plants are extremely decorative. To obtain this beauty, the cultivation and care must be literate.
Carnation bearded, or Turkish (Dianthus barbatus) Is a perennial plant in the clove family, but is cultivated in gardens as a biennial plant. In the first year, it forms a lush rosette of medium-sized elongated leaves. In the second year, each plant produces straight stems up to 60 cm high. At the top of the stem, numerous medium-sized flowers up to 2 cm in diameter are formed, collected in corymbose inflorescences.
Currently, many forms and varieties of cloves are known. Low, dwarf varieties with a height of 15–20 cm are grown for spring decoration of flower beds, for balconies and windows, and high ones for cutting.
Flowers of various colors, simple and double, with a weak aroma. This carnation is prized for its bright, clear colors (white, pink, red, velvety black, etc.) and early flowering. It blooms in June, when the annuals are not yet blooming and fills the gap in the cutting material. Turkish cloves have a very delicate aroma.
Growing Turkish carnations
Growing conditions, soil... Turkish carnation grows well and blooms in sunny areas, but it also withstands partial shade. It is not very demanding on the soil, but it grows especially well on rich loamy or sandy loam soils with a sufficient amount of lime.
Therefore, in order to obtain long-term and abundant flowering during soil preparation, it is necessary to add 1 sq. meter of at least 5 kg of humus, and on heavy clay soils, another 1 bucket of peat chips and coarse river sand.
Slowing down Turkish cloves
These flowers can be propagated mainly by seed, but can also be propagated by dividing the bush and green cuttings.
Seed propagation... With the seed method, planting goes directly into open ground or seedlings are grown. For those who want to get flowering in the year of planting, the seedling method is suitable.
Seeds must be scattered over the surface and sprinkled with sand. Then pour over and cover with foil or glass. The optimum temperature for growing is + 18 ° C. After two real leaves appear, the seedlings should be cut into separate containers.
With the onset of stable heat, the hardened seedlings are planted in open ground. The planting pattern is 30x30 cm, taking into account the fact that the plant grows strongly, filling the entire area.
Important! When propagated by seeds in varieties of Turkish carnations with double flowers, most of the plants are obtained with ordinary flowers, therefore, in order to obtain a homogeneous material, it is better to propagate valuable varieties with green cuttings.
Cuttings... Reproduction by cuttings is carried out in early June. They are taken about 5-7 cm long from those stems that do not bloom. They should have 2-3 nodes. Cuttings must be buried in a container with loose soil until roots are formed. In the future, they are carefully transplanted into the soil.
By the beginning of August, young plants develop small, dense rosettes of leaves. They dive to a permanent place in August at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other. It is better to make a pick in the evening, after 6 pm, or in cloudy weather. After a dive, the seedlings are again protected with a covering material.
Reproduction by division... We divide the bushes every spring. Since the plantings thicken in the summer, they need to be planted. Dig out a bush, carefully cut into several divisions and plant according to a 30x30 cm scheme.
Reproduction by layering... The favorite variety of carnations is often propagated by layering in July-August. To do this, you need to bend the shoots to the ground, secure with hairpins, tie them to a peg and sprinkle with soil. Within 2-3 weeks, roots appear in the nodes, and after some time, shoots and leaves appear.In the fall, the rooted shoots must be cut off from the mother plant and planted.
Turkish carnation care
Plant care is normal. Turkish carnation successfully winters when it has taken root well, therefore, it is undesirable to be late when planting seedlings in a permanent place. But for the winter they still need to be covered with coniferous spruce branches or dry leaves, and with the onset of winter, also with snow.
Sometimes plants emerging from under the snow have grayish-white leaves. But in the future, the plants recover quickly, and with good care, this does not affect their development at all.
Turkish carnation is widely used in soil plantings, for curbs along paths and for cutting - cut inflorescences are very well preserved for a long time in water. It can be successfully planted in a blooming state in pots and used to decorate rooms, loggias and balconies.
"Ural gardener" No. 22, 2017