About biological features - on the page Hamerops
Lush plants, consisting of several slightly curved short trunks, fan-shaped leaves in a dense crown make the hamerops noticeable in any setting. The color of the leaves in different specimens can vary from light green to silvery. The growth rate of the palm is slow, but even small specimens will attract attention.
Hamerops is extremely unpretentious, this palm tree can be recommended for landscaping spacious, bright and cool office premises and public places, as well as for home maintenance. He fully reconciles with dry indoor air, is not so picky about light and heat, easily tolerates a short drying out of an earthen coma. However, chamerops achieves its full decorative effect only under favorable conditions of detention.
Illumination. The hamerops will feel best in a well-lit room, south-facing windows are suitable for it, and after adaptation, it easily tolerates direct sunlight. In a closed room, it is necessary to provide the plant with good ventilation so that the leaves do not overheat through the glass. All year round, the palm tree should receive an influx of fresh air; in the summer it is advisable to take the hamerops into the garden. For even crown growth in closed rooms, it is necessary to turn the plant regularly.
Temperature conditions. In summer, the optimum temperature will be + 22 + 26оС. On hot days, frequent spraying of the leaves will help. In winter, give the hamerops a bright room with a temperature of about + 6 + 12 ° C, but preferably not higher than + 16 ° C - this is a subtropical plant, and winter rest is physiologically necessary for it. It is permissible to lower the temperature to 0 degrees with limited watering.
Watering plentiful in summer, after the topsoil dries out. In winter, watering is reduced: the cooler the air in the room, the less often it is necessary to water. Hamerops can survive a short-term drought, but it's best not to abuse it. It is also impossible to allow stagnation of water in a pot or pan.
Air humidity. Hamerops tolerates dry air well, but it is advisable to spray the leaves with soft water in a warm room several times a day, cancel spraying at temperatures below + 18 ° C. Use a warm shower to wash the palm leaves at least once a month.
Top dressing are carried out from spring to autumn with complex fertilizers for palms with microelements. No additional feeding is required in winter.
Soils and transplants. Hamerops is unpretentious to the composition of the soil. Sod soil can be added to the finished substrate for palm trees as it grows, increasing its share with each transplant. An important condition for the health of a plant is a soil that is well drained throughout the entire volume, and not just at the bottom of the pot. Stir ¼ the volume of perlite into the soil, this will prevent stagnation of water in the pot.
Palm trees are transplanted only when the roots are tightly wrapped in a clod, and only by careful handling. Young specimens are usually transplanted once every 1-2 years with a slight increase in the volume of the pot, adults not more often than once every 3-5 years. The best time for transplanting is spring, you can transplant in summer. In large plants, it is enough to limit yourself to replacing the top layer of soil with a fresh one every 6-12 months.
During transplanting, you can carefully separate the root suckers if they are already ready for this.
Reproduction hamerops, possibly by seeds or by the separation of daughter basal shoots.
Seeds germinate within 1-4 months, most successfully - at a temperature not lower than + 22 ° C and with lower heating. Seedlings develop slowly, division of the leaf blade occurs after a few years, on 7-10 leaves.
Hamerops quite actively gives root offspring, but there is no need to rush to separate them.Previously, you can overlay the base of the palm with moist sphagnum, keep it moist, and thereby stimulate the growth of roots in daughter plants.
Diseases and pests. Hamerops is resistant to pests, but it can be affected by mealybugs, scale insects, spider mites.
About pest control - in the article Houseplant pests and control measures.
If the watering regime is not followed, more often from root trapping than from insufficient watering, brown spots may appear on the leaves.