Useful information

Raspberry tempting, or strawberry

This plant was brought to us from Latvia very small and remained unidentified until the first flowers and fruits appeared. From the leaves, it could be assumed that this is a relative of raspberries and blackberries, a representative of the genus Rubus... When it was possible to establish the exact botanical identity of the plant, there was no limit to surprise.

Raspberry tempting, or strawberry

Raspberry seductive, or strawberry(Rubus illecebrosus)As this plant is correctly called, in English-speaking countries it is better known as Strawberry-Raspberry. Apparently for this reason it is often touted as a strawberry / raspberry hybrid. Sellers of planting material are especially actively using this false argument to increase the interest of buyers. By the way, strawberries and raspberries belong to different genera of the pink family. (Rosaceae), and not close enough to get a hybrid between them. And she received the name strawberry-raspberry only for amazing fruits, which in appearance really resemble both berries at the same time.

The seductive raspberry was first described by the German physician and botanist Wilhelm Olbers Focke in 1899 from a cultivated specimen. Then he suggested that she comes from Japan. At home, in the western part of Japan, it is widespread in light forests, in thickets of bushes and on mountain slopes at altitudes of 500-1500 m, is a pioneer in the development of wastelands and abandoned territories. In Europe, it naturalized in some places, and in North America (USA, Canada) it went wild and became an invasive weed. As a berry and ornamental crop, it is now the most popular in Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Poland. Recently, it has been offered by European nurseries as a novelty, although, as you can see, it has been known for a long time.

This is a rounded semi-shrub from 30 to 60 cm tall, with a creeping rhizome, giving new shoots at a distance of more than half a meter from the bush, forms thickets. It has several vertical herbaceous stems with green bark, woody only at the very base. Leaves are alternate, petiolate, pinnate, consist of 3-7 serrated along the edge of oblong-lanceolate leaves 3-8 cm long. Stems and leaf petioles are covered with curved, clinging thorns. The flowers are rather large, five-petalled, 2.5-4 cm in diameter, white, bisexual, in few-flowered inflorescences located at the tops of the stems, sometimes solitary.

Raspberry tempting, or strawberry

Very decorative fruits - juicy polystyrene 3-4.5 cm in diameter, round or broadly elliptical in shape, glowing coral-red. In size and appearance, they really resemble strawberries, but they are easily separated from the receptacle, like raspberries. They taste like neither one nor the other berry, sweet and sour and slightly aromatic. Many describe them as tasteless, with sweetness and aroma only revealing when fully ripe. You can't eat a lot of them raw, but for homemade preparations and winemaking, where sourness is simply necessary, this is a valuable berry. It remains to understand how to get a decent harvest.

Raspberry tempting, or strawberry

Growing and care

Raspberry-strawberries are unpretentious, grows in the sun and partial shade, best of all on light loams with neutral acidity (6.6-7.5). It is most convenient to grow it on raised, edged ridges, which will ensure that unwanted growth is limited. Landing is carried out at a distance of 0.8-1.2 m, taking into account the growth.

In the first year after planting, the plant takes root, but from the second year, active spreading in breadth and fruiting begins. After another year, you can get a full harvest - it is small, but the berries are large.

The needs of strawberry raspberries are quite modest, they are satisfied with moderately fertile soil. Mineral fertilizers for berry crops can be used for dressing: liquid organo-mineral fertilizers for 2-3 fractional dressings applied before flowering, or once, in early spring, fed with specialized granular fertilizer of prolonged action for berry farms.

But you can do without mineral fertilizing. Japanese plants love to be warmed by the sun, while the root system is in a cool soil.It is worth plentifully mulching the roots with compost (you can use half-rotted sawdust, well-decomposed manure), and the plant will be provided with the necessary conditions and nutrition. Taking into account the fact that compost and other organic matter have an acidic reaction, dolomite flour should be added annually under the mulch on our loams at the rate of 50 g per 1 sq. m. It remains only to weed the plantings and water in a drought. Moisture requirements are also average, but the plant will be grateful for watering, especially for leaves (not flowers), which increases the humidity of the air.

In winter, the aerial part of the strawberry-raspberry dies off, so in late autumn it can be cut off. However, given that the plant belongs to the 5th zone of winter hardiness (up to -29 degrees), it is better to prune it in the spring, before the new shoots begin to grow, and in the fall just add mulch. This plant behaves like a typical heat-loving culture - the wilting leaves do not fall off for a long time and can remain on the stems in winter.

Any work with a plant, whether it be pruning, weeding or harvesting, must be done in tight gloves for roses - the numerous tenacious thorns of seductive raspberries are in no way inferior to them in barbs.

Reproduction

Dying for the winter, in spring the stems grow out of the renewal buds, which are laid on the rhizomes at the base of the stems. Therefore, the easiest way to propagate a plant is by dividing the bush, which can be done in autumn or early spring, before the shoots begin to grow back. The delen must have at least one renewal bud. You can divide from the second year of life, but it is better from the third.

Cutting time begins in July, when the shoots are ripe enough.

The yield of the plant is small, therefore, in order for the berries to be enough for jam, you will have to plant a whole garden with strawberry raspberries. And you can get a large amount of planting material by sowing seeds. They are freed from the pulp, washed, dried and sown in the fall in a cold greenhouse. With spring sowing, which should be carried out as early as possible, monthly seed stratification at +3 degrees is required. Seeds germinate for a long time and better in the light, germination does not exceed 70%. Seeds lose their germination quickly, so they should be sown as soon as possible. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the spring after a year.

Usage

This raspberry, of course, is capable of inducing doubt whether to plant it or not to plant it. An unambiguous decision will be made only by lovers of garden exoticism. It does not belong to the first echelon of berry crops and has its drawbacks: a relatively low yield (a rather large area is needed for cultivation), not such bright taste qualities as in raspberries and strawberries, non-simultaneous ripening of berries, a tendency to creep, prickly. However, in collecting berries from a unit area, it is able to compete with garden strawberries.

Raspberry tempting, or strawberry

Raspberry seductive is interesting from a decorative point of view. It is practically not affected by diseases and pests traditional for raspberries, therefore it is already beautiful with its healthy, feathery, textured foliage. The small height of the plant allows you to admire the mosaic of leaves from above. The flowering of the plant lasts from July to September. While bright berries are already shining in the lower part of the bush (they cannot be missed among the greenery when picking), flowers are still hovering from above. They are honey-bearing and attract bees and butterflies.

Released for free growth, the plant creates an excellent groundcover effect. It can be used in mixborders, subject to growth restriction, create curbs of extraordinary beauty. True, the landings should be removed from the track so as not to get scratches. If the family has small children, it is better to plant the plant in a place inaccessible to them.

The initial delight of owning this culture, which was observed in Europe in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, was replaced by decades of oblivion.The last serious work on strawberry raspberries was published in 1903. The properties of the berries therefore remain unexplored to this day, although there is no doubt about their benefits. They can be used in the same way as ordinary raspberries - mashed with sugar, for jam, syrup, compotes. Berries in blanks do not lose their shape, and their aroma is enhanced. Berry gives compote not only special shades of taste, but also color. By the way, the fruit can give a purple dye.

Raspberry tempting, or strawberry

Shiny pearl berries will make any dessert deliciously beautiful. A pie stuffed with strawberries-raspberries can become the "highlight of the program" of a sweet feast.

The berry is very popular in China, which was also considered its homeland - hence, apparently, another (incorrect) name appeared - Tibetan raspberry. Surprisingly, there it is most often used as a vegetable crop, in salads. Here is an unusual recipe for one of them:

Chop two medium tomatoes and a small onion. Add a glass of strawberry raspberries, salt to taste, ground black pepper and herbs, season with olive oil.

Try to grow this outlandish raspberry - it can seduce everyone ...