Useful information

Briony is only safe in homeopathy

White step (Bryonia alba)

Most of us at least once in our lives have turned to homeopathy, and recently, given the mild and deep action of homeopathic remedies, this direction has taken an honorable place in medicine. When visiting a homeopathic pharmacy, mysterious names fascinate: lachesis, cocculus, conium, hamomilla, colchicum. As a rule, these are just the Latin names of plants, often quite poisonous, minerals or animal products. And as a result, the conium is just a hemlock, and the colchicum is a colchicum. One of the most honorable places in homeopathy is occupied by the plant with the sonorous name of bryony. Behind this name is a ruderal (growing near a person's dwelling) weed - a white step.

Bryony white, or step white (Bryoniaalba L.) is a perennial herb from the pumpkin family (Cucurbitaceae) with a thick, radish, fleshy root, white in a break, slightly yellowish outside. Stems are thin, climbing with antennae, up to 4 m long. Leaves are alternate, petiolar, rough. The leaf blade is broadly ovate, five-lobed, serrated along the edge, 8-16 cm wide. The flowers are monoecious. The males are grouped 5-7 in corymbose racemes with thin peduncles 5-20 cm long. Female flowers are greenish, in 5-12-flowered corymbose racemes, reaching a length of 2-10 cm with a peduncle. The fruit is a spherical black berry, 7-8 mm in diameter, with 4-6 brown seeds. Seeds are ovoid, slightly flattened, up to 5 mm long. Weight 1000 pieces 15-16 g.

Blooms in June-July (in Central Asia - from April). Fruiting in July-August. Therefore, the plant looks quite decorative on a trellis or fence, especially in autumn, when numerous black fruits ripen.

The cross is widespread in the Caucasus and Central Asia, it is found in the south and west of the European part. It grows among shrubs, along river valleys and forest edges. It dwells like a weed in parks, orchards, and vegetable gardens. Prefers fertile soil with a lot of organic matter. Sometimes it is cultivated as a medicinal and ornamental plant. But you should not use it yourself for medicinal purposes, and if you grow it as an ornamental plant, then take some caution and that's why.


Better not to use

All parts of the plant, especially the roots and fruits, contain poisonous alkaloids - brionine, brein, brionidine and cucurbitacin triterpenoids. The roots also contain tannins, starch, resin, malic acid salts; in seeds - fatty oil (up to 25%) and lycopene; in the leaves - ascorbic acid.

All parts of the plant are poisonous!


White step (Bryonia alba)

Most often, children are poisoned when they eat berries. Only 6-8 berries cause severe poisoning, less often adults get a lot of trouble when self-medicating with drugs from the roots. When applied externally, redness is observed, and with sensitive skin, even blistering. Therefore, seriously think about whether to plant it on the site in the presence of small children.

The clinical picture of poisoning. Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, intestinal cramps, watery or bloody diarrhea; burning sensation in the mouth and stomach; tachycardia. Subsequently, the development of poisoning leads to drowsiness, loss of consciousness, shock, collapse. As a possible later stage of poisoning or, as a consequence, nephritis, gastroenteritis, cystitis can develop. It should be borne in mind that in addition to albuminuria, obvious hematuria and bloody stools, latent blood can also be found in the feces.

First aid. In order to eliminate irritation of the gastric mucosa, it is recommended to drink water or milk, followed by emptying the stomach with the help of artificial vomiting; also shown gastric lavage with a suspension of activated carbon (up to 30 g per 0.5 l of water), the use of cardiovascular drugs is symptomatic and aimed at eliminating the collapse (treatment is carried out according to generally accepted schemes and has no specific character).

Take note, but do not repeat


However, since ancient times, the step has been used in medicine. Avicenna called the step of fascir.He recommended drinking a decoction of 2.1 g of the root of this plant with vinegar for 30 days with a tumor of the spleen, with paralysis, and with a muscle rupture, he used an ointment.

They prepared the root in a mixture with honey and used it for sore throat, breathing disorders, coughing, pain in the side. They drank squeezed root juice with boiled wheat to increase milk flow in nursing mothers.

In cosmetics, Avicenna recommended using bryony root in a mixture with lenticular vetch and fenugreek to cleanse the skin of freckles and black spots after ulcers. The warts were reduced by the root.

White step (Bryonia alba)

In medieval Armenia, bryony was used for hypoxia, headache, in the form of a plaster - for bone fractures, a decoction - for washing the head with baldness.

In the famous poem Odo of Men, it was written:

"Everyone who anointed himself with the root

Stepping over the grated, from the attack of the snake,

They say complete safety;

Taken with wine, it heals their bites from them.

If you mix seed juice with olive oil,

Pouring medicine into your ears, you can

Soothe the pain. "

In Russia, root extracts (thick and liquid), tincture from fresh juice were used. Water decoction, root powder was used as a laxative. The extract and tincture in small doses were used to soothe pain, cough, in large doses, these dosage forms have a laxative effect.

Bryony root was recommended as a very effective remedy for uterine bleeding. Bryony was prescribed for pleurisy and other lung diseases. They treated heart disease, pneumonia.

Currently, bryony is widely used externally as a pain reliever for gouty and rheumatic polyarthritis, intercostal neuralgia, and is also used as a wound healing agent.

For joint pain in Ukrainian medicine, it is recommended to take a large root of crime, cut off the top, hollow out a cavity in the root, pour olive oil into it, close the root with the cut top, wrap it in an oiled cloth and bury it in the ground for 2 months. The oil will turn white and thick. It is used for rubbing painful joints.

Tincture from this plant in the experiment had a positive effect in hypertension of the II degree. But this is in an experiment on mice, I think that their feat is better not to repeat on yourself, but to find something more harmless.


Briony without harm

Bryony root also finds use in homeopathy. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, gout, pneumonia, bronchitis, pleurisy, for eye diseases, and very widely. This is one of the most sought-after remedies in modern homeopathy.

From a handbook of homeopathy:

White step (Bryonia alba)

An essence is used, made from juice squeezed from a fresh root and mixed with wine alcohol.


Poisonous doses of Brionia cause abdominal pain, vomiting, and profuse liquid bowel movements. Fresh juice from the root applied to the skin causes redness, inflammation with pain and blisters on it.


Bryony affects the nervous system, skin, mucous membranes, serous membranes.

The guiding characteristic of Brionia is aggravation from motion, from touching, from fresh air.


Improvement of the condition occurs at rest with strong pressure on the sore spots, so the patient lies on the affected side or part. It is used for acute and febrile diseases of a catarrhal and rheumatic nature.


Bryony has a characteristic effect on mucous membranes, but at the same time, in contrast to Pulsatilla, there is dryness, insufficient separation (secretion) of the mucous membranes. This is noticed already from the lips - caked, dry, cracked, and ending with the rectum - the stool is hard, dry, as if burnt.


There is no doubt the same condition in the stomach, which is evident from excessive thirst. The same condition in the lungs, bronchi, which causes a hard cough with little phlegm, sensitivity and pain in the chest during coughing.


Bryony also acts on the serous membranes, especially in the second stage of inflammation, when a pronounced symptom of stitching pains becomes pronounced, sharply intensifying with movement.


Low dilutions are used for rheumatism, acute inflammation, digestive disorders, medium and high - in chronic cases and in diseases of the respiratory organs.

For example, with adnexitis (inflammation of the appendages), take bryony D2-D4 every 2 hours, 5 drops. With dizziness - bryony C5.

In traditional medicine, another type is used - dioecious step (Bryonia dioica Jacq, syn. Bryoniacretica L. ssp. dioica (Jacq) Tutin), which is found in the southern regions of our country, in Central and Western Europe and, unlike the previous species, has red fruits.

Its composition is somewhat different from the previous type. It contains the alkaloid brionycin and the alcohol brionol, as well as caffeic acid, saponins and cucurbitacin. In Europe, poisoning of children with this species with symptoms of gastrointestinal upset has been noted, but it is still slightly less toxic. First aid for poisoning, as for the previous species.

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