Onion-anzur - this is the collective name of very similar and similar wild onion species (other names are mountain onions, giant onions, stalked onions, Suvorov's onions, etc.). These are perennials from the large onion family. In the wild, Anzur mainly grows in the mountainous regions of Central Asia and in Altai. Plants withstand cold winters and severe frosts very well, shade-tolerant and drought tolerant, but react negatively to excessive soil moisture.
Seeing for the first time this unusual and beautiful plant with wide leaves, the core of which is decorated with a high arrow with a bud, you might think that this is some kind of unusual flower. But this is not a flower, but anzur onion. According to research by Russian scientists, the anzura bulb contains 2 times more dry matter, and almost 4 times more vitamin C than the onions we are used to. It contains many carotenoids, vitamins D and E, phytoncides, etc. Medieval doctors used onion-anzur to improve vision, prevent glaucoma, and with shortness of breath. Anzur is very useful for the elderly, as it also contains saponins, which help the body to cope with a whole bunch of diseases. Some experts equate the effects of anzur on the human body with the effects of ginseng. But the value of anzur also lies in the fact that its leaves appear in early spring, making their way right from under the snow, when there is still no greenery on the site - this is a pantry of vitamins so necessary in spring.
As soon as shoots appear, the plants must be fed with urea (1 teaspoon per 1 square meter), scattered over the garden bed, sprinkled with warm water and must be sprayed with Epin Extra (1 ampoule per 5 liters of water) to increase resistance to stressful situations, and 12-15 days after this, plants should be sprayed with Ferovit solution (1 ampoule per 1.5 liters of water) to enhance plant photosynthesis.
Already in early July, the Anzur onion ends its growing season, especially in dry weather. The bulb grows very slowly, reaching a diameter of 4-5 cm in the third or fourth year, and only then begins to divide. At this time, the plants form flower arrows up to 100 cm high with large spherical inflorescences, consisting of many pink and purple flowers of all kinds of shades. At this time, the plants are very decorative and will decorate your site well. The inflorescences cut at the beginning of the blooming of the first flowers can stand in water for 12-15 days. In addition, these flowering arrows are a wonderful honey plant, to which bees flock from all over the area. And the anzur seed umbrellas, after the seeds ripen, can be put in a vase without water.
Ripe onions are dug up, the leaves and roots are cut off, dried and sorted by size - large bulbs for winter consumption, and small ones for reproduction.
Propagated onion-anzur seeds or one- and two-year-old bulbs from sowing seeds or sliced bulbs. When propagating by seeds, one should not forget that the seeds are in a state of organic dormancy for a long time. Therefore, before sowing, they must be stratified, i.e. keep in wet sand for 5 months at temperatures from zero to +5 degrees.
Reproduction of anzur bulbs much easier. Bulbs are usually planted before winter at the same time as winter garlic, so that before the onset of cold weather they are already well rooted. In this case, it is necessary to try not to damage the root tubercles. The bulbs are planted 20-25 cm apart, depending on their size, to a depth of 12-15 cm from the soil surface to the top of the bulb. With shallow planting, Anzura bulbs are often carried to the surface of the soil.
Bulbs and young leaves are mainly used for food. Onions taste more like radishes than onions.But raw bulbs are not very edible because they have a strong sulphurous odor and contain a large amount of essential oil, so they are used for food in canned form. Before conservation, they are soaked for a long time (up to 1 month) in water until the smell disappears, periodically changing it, or in a solution of sodium chloride.
The specific taste and rather complex and lengthy cooking characteristics do not contribute to the significant use of anzur onions as a food crop. Most often it is used as an ornamental plant.
"Ural gardener", No. 26, June 30, 2010