Useful information

Feverfew maiden, or matrix

Feverfew (Pyrethrum parthenium)

This plant is well known to everyone, and many plant it on their plots, in addition, it is widely used in landscaping squares, parks, alleys.

Previously, the plant was called Matricaria exceptional, or excellent. Now she is more often referred to as childbirth feverfew. (Ryrethrum) or tansy (Tanacetum) families Compositae. Homeland - Southern Europe (Balkan Peninsula and the Caucasus).

Feverfew (Pyrethrum parthenium) Golden Moss

Feverfew (Рyrethrum parthenium) - perennial, used as an annual plant. Forms bushes 20-50 cm high. Stems are straight, smooth, branched. Leaves are green, pinnately dissected, with linear lobes, fragrant. Inflorescences are small baskets, collected in a corymbose inflorescence. Reed flowers are female, white or yellow, tubular - bisexual, yellow. Inflorescences are simple and densely double, which is extremely valuable in floriculture.

Pyrethrum parthenium Snowball

 

Reproduction

The plant is propagated by seeds, but through seedlings. Seeds are sown in early April, shoots appear in 14-16 days. And after 25-30 days, the seedlings should be cut open. They are planted in open ground in the second decade of May. After the seedlings are rooted, the planting must be fed with a complex mineral fertilizer, then, before flowering, repeat the feeding 1-2 times more. Flowering occurs 70–80 days after sowing the seeds and lasts 2–2.5 months.

Feverfew (Pyrethrum parthenium)Feverfew (Pyrethrum parthenium)

Growing

Matricaria is a light-loving plant, the places for its planting should be open, well-lit, but it can tolerate light shading.

Soils prefers nutritious, loamy, lime-containing, well-drained. On lean soils, terry forms easily degenerate into non-terry ones. Watering is necessary infrequently, but abundantly, without stagnant water. Small frosts of the matrix are not terrible.

Feverfew is used for carpet and flower beds and ridges, borders, in mixborders. Tall varieties can be used for cutting.

Feverfew (Pyrethrum parthenium)

Based on materials from the magazine "Ural Gardener", No. 8, 2019