Useful information

Dereza ordinary, or goji

My craving for plants began in childhood. As far back as I can remember, I always, if there was such an opportunity, brought various shoots of flowers into the house from everywhere. I took it from relatives, acquaintances, brought it from school. I liked to watch the process itself, how a beautiful flowering plant or just a decorative leafy plant grew from a tiny process. This hobby, or rather, one might say, already my life, without which I cannot imagine myself, has not left me to this day. True, this hobby has long gone beyond the apartment into my favorite garden, in which I plant various flowers and plants.

I like to grow not only some beautiful flowers, without which, of course, it is impossible, because they are always pleasing to the eye, from early spring to late autumn, but also a variety of useful plants. One of these plants, which is both decorative and useful, appeared on my garden plot 4 years ago, it is lycium(Lycium),Boxthornknown to us as goji... Goji is a transliteration of the Chinese plant name that has become commercial, and has nothing to do with the true botanical name of the plant.

Dereza ordinary, or goji

There are 88 species of lycium (Dereza), which grow in tropical, subtropical, partly in the temperate zones of both hemispheres, mainly in South America. In nature, lycium can be found in the steppes, flat and mountain deserts and semi-deserts, along river desert valleys, in southeastern Europe, in the Caucasus and Central Asia, in China.

In Russia, mainly Chinese Dereza (Lyciumchinense) and Dereza vulgaris (Lycium barbarum). The latter is considered the most unpretentious species.

Dereza ordinary (Lycium barbarum) Is a perennial shrub of the nightshade family. It can reach a height of 3.5 meters. The branches are covered with thin thorns. Leaves are oblong, up to 7 cm. Flowers lilac or violet, very small. Fruiting in different regions from May to September or from July to October. The fruit is a small coral red berry, 1–2 cm in size. Each berry contains 10–60 tiny yellow seeds.

It was this species, the common wolf, that I bought by mail as a small seedling. After examining the roots, which were in good condition, I proceeded to planting. Since the plant is unpretentious, I did not do any special soil, I planted it in the soil that prevails in my area, and this is loamy black soil. I watered a little, tied the stem to the support, because branches tend to bend. My seedling grew very quickly, as evidenced by the emergence of new young shoots.

Care... Dereza maintenance is minimal and very simple. It does not require much watering, I water it only in dry summer, I also don’t add any special fertilizers. It is also not necessary to shelter for the winter, if the branches freeze, then they quickly grow back over the summer. The main thing to do is to shape the bush by pruning. If this is not done, then too thick bush will produce few berries.

Reproductioncommon wolfberry

As for the reproduction of the common wolfberry, then everything is also simple here. It can be propagated in several ways: by seeds, layering, cuttings or root suckers.

Seed propagation... For seed propagation, I do the following. First, I soak dried berries in warm water. When they are soft, I take out the seeds and sow them on the surface of the moistened soil, lightly sprinkling with earth. During germination, you need to monitor the moisture content of the soil. It is better to sow seeds in several pieces in one container, because small seedlings will better support each other and their root system will be stronger and more developed. Then the seedlings need to be planted in separate cups.

Reproduction by layering... Dereza can be propagated by layering, for this you just need to dig in a branch from a large bush, and tie the top to a peg so that the shoot is vertical. After the appearance of the roots, the plant is separated and planted.

Cuttings... There is also a method of grafting, but this way I did not propagate the tree, so I can’t say anything.

Root offspring... My Dereza vulgaris reproduces very well with root suckers. They sometimes grow at a distance of 30-50 cm from an adult bush.

Harvesting

Dereza ordinary, or goji

As you can see, this plant is unpretentious, easily propagating, and also very decorative, especially when covered with red-orange berries in autumn, which undoubtedly adorn the autumn garden. Goji berries reach full maturity in my area around mid-September - early October.

I pick berries right from the bush, although many fly around themselves and fall to the ground. They taste sweet-salty or sour. After picking the berries, I dry them in a dry and dark place, and then put them for storage. Better to store in a dry place. They can be consumed as dried fruits, but no more than 20-30 g per day for an adult. Many berries are brewed in tea, added to cereals, soups.

Dereza (goji) berries have a number of beneficial properties. They improve metabolism and blood circulation, increase immunity, stabilize blood pressure, reduce the risk of developing cancer, enrich the intestinal microflora, stabilize the psychological state, promote the process of losing weight, etc.

Read more about medicinal properties in the article Dereza, but not a goat.

From everything we can conclude that the common wolfberry is an unpretentious, decorative and useful plant. I advise everyone to get hold of such a plant on their site.

"Ural gardener", No. 12, 2017