If you have to puzzle over the choice of tulip varieties for your garden because of their fabulous abundance, then the rules for planting bulbs and caring for plants are not particularly difficult.
The basis for success in growing tulips is good planting material, i.e. pure-bred and not infected with the variegated leaf virus. If an admixture of another variety can be removed over time, then variegation can be eliminated only by destroying the plants along with the bulbs.
For growing tulips in the garden, choose a place well protected from strong northerly winds and illuminated by the sun throughout the day. Late varieties tolerate light shading, which encourages long flowering. The site should be well planned to avoid stagnant water and clear of perennial weeds, especially wheatgrass and sow thistle.
For good growth of tulips, sandy loam or light loamy soil, loose and crumbly, with a neutral reaction is needed. Highly moistened soils, especially peaty soils, with a close groundwater table, are unsuitable. Acidic soils must be limed.
The soil should be well filled with organic fertilizers for one to two years, or fertilized with leaf and dung humus before planting the bulbs. Fresh manure cannot be used to fertilize the soil when growing tulips. On heavy clay soils, it is necessary to add 1 bucket of coarse river sand and the same amount of peat per 1 square meter, as well as 1 glass of lime and 2 tbsp. spoons of nitrophosphate.
If the soil on the site is generally unsuitable for growing tulips, then you should dig a trench 30 cm deep and of the required length and width, put drainage on the bottom with a layer of 5-6 cm thick, and fill the trench with nutritious loose soil on top. All this must be done 6-8 days before planting the bulbs.
The best time to plant is when the soil temperature drops to 9-10 ° C. This will ensure good rooting of the bulbs, reliable wintering and successful flowering next spring. Within 10 days after planting, the bulbs develop roots, the further development of which depends on the temperature and moisture of the soil.
If the bulbs are planted earlier than this time, then in spring the tulip stems will start growing early, and frost can damage the leaves, and sometimes damage the flower buds. And if the bulbs are planted much later than this time, then the bulbs will take root poorly and may freeze out. Large bulbs are planted according to the 15x15 cm scheme, smaller ones - 10x10 cm, baby - 5x5 cm.
Planting depth depends on both bulb size and soil. The latter is often forgotten by gardeners. Large bulbs are planted to a depth of 12-16 cm, counting from the bottom of the bulb to the soil surface, medium bulbs - by 8-10 cm, and small ones - to a depth of 5-7 cm.At the same time, on clayey heavy soil, they are embedded in the soil 2 -3 cm. The general rule when planting tulips is that after leveling the beds, the soil layer above the bulb should be 3 times the height of the bulb itself.
If the soil is dry, then the day before planting tulip bulbs, the garden bed must be watered, soaking the entire layer of soil. After planting, the bulbs must also be watered. If the tulips are not planted in the beds, then the soil must be watered along specially dug grooves, and after absorbing the water, fill them up.
When planting the bulbs, fertile soil is poured onto the bottom of the hole or furrow, sprinkled with clean river sand, in which the bulb is planted. The holes with the sown bulbs are covered with loose earth mixed with sand.
Tulips winter well without additional insulation. However, mulching the plantings with dry leaves or peat after slightly freezing the soil contributes to a better overwintering of the bulbs. In the spring, the mulch can not be removed, but when loosening it, it can be embedded in the soil.