Actual topic

Melons: varieties and hybrids

Melon

Continuation. The beginning is in the article Melons classic and exotic

Melon has a huge number of varieties: the State Register of Breeding Achievements of the Russian Federation alone contains almost 130 zoned varieties and hybrids of melon, of which more than 45 are recommended for all climatic zones. For widespread cultivation in summer cottages and household plots, the following are recommended:

Varieties: Cinderella, Zoryanka, Karotinka, Lyubushka, Honey Gourmet, Fairy Tale (early), Luna (mid-early), Marquis, Princess Svetlana, Russian Romance, Selchanka, Sympathy (mid-season), Ophelia (mid-late).

Melon F1 CinderellaMelon Russian Romance

Hybrids (F1): Summer resident, Lyubava, Millennium, Extraordinary, Octavia, Solnechnaya, Sprint, Seledyn, Tiger, Timiryazevskaya Early (early), Gold of the Scythians, Iroquois, Carotel, Sweetheart, Fairy, Eldorado (mid-early), Altyn, Assol, Indian Summer, Galileo, Galina, Golpri, Margot, Honey Dew, Ogen, Rugby, Rosaletto, Sweet Heart, Huruma, Chick (mid-season), Serpent Gorynych, Kapitoshka, Autumn joy, Sphinx (mid-late).

Melon F1 SweetheartMelon F1 Chick

In the Southern Federal District, melon can be grown via seedlings and direct seeding. In the rest, the seedling method is preferable.

In order for the melons to be on the table for as long as possible, one or two plants of early or ultra-early varieties must be grown (fruits are stored no longer than a week), two plants are medium early, three are mid-season (stored for about 3 weeks) and three to four (except for areas located above 590 N) - mid-late (lie 2-3 months).

In the temperate zone, late-ripening varieties and melons of southern origin have time to ripen if you prepare seedlings grafted onto a squash or pumpkin. In the middle lane and Siberia, seedlings are planted in late May - early June on a warm manure bed under a double temporary film shelter or in a greenhouse. If there is no organic matter, you can prepare deep and wide holes, put in a bucket of compost filled with complex fertilizer, spill it with hot water, cover the bed with a film or non-woven material, press it down with bottles of water. At the site of the holes, make cuts and plant seedlings in them, and protect the bed from above with a second sheet of shelter.

Melon Kolkhoz WomanMelon F1 Extraordinary

Characteristics of popular varieties and hybrids of melon

Name

Fruit weight, Kg

Fruit shape

Bark color and texture

Flesh color and structure

Harvest-

ness, kg / sq.m

Lying

bone,

days

Early (55-77 days from germination to collection of the first fruit)

Lyubushka **

0,7-0,8

obovate

light yellow, smooth, no mesh

greenish white, medium thickness, crispy, coarse, sweet

1,7

5-7

F1 Cinderella ***

1,3

rounded

yellow, smooth, with a fine mesh

greenish yellow, firm, crispy, aromatic, sweet

  

Evdokia **

2

globular

yellow-orange

   

Timiryazevskaya Early ***

1

rounded

grayish green, medium density mesh

greenish-white medium thickness, density, melting juiciness

2,5

 

Altai **

0,8-1,6

oval, slightly

segmented

smooth or at ripe lemon or orange-yellow color, without pattern. The skin is thin, soft

light orange or white, thin, grainy, aromatic

  

Tamanskaya

1,5

oval

thin, yellow, no pattern, smooth, with medium-density mesh

creamy, medium thickness, crumbly, grainy, tender, juicy

1, 7

 

Strelchanka *

1,3-2,5

rounded

yellow with orange pattern, smooth, with a mesh of medium density and thickness

white, thin, melting, juicy, sweet, aromatic

2,7

10-15

Dina**

1,8–2,2

wide-

elliptical

yellow, smooth, with a mesh of medium density and thickness

yellowish white, medium thickness, melting, tender, juicy, aromatic

1,2

24

F1 Aikido *, ***

1.5

rounded

smooth, yellow, with a fine, delicate mesh

greenish, tender, thick and very aromatic, with a small seed chamber

 

10-14

F1 Summer Resident

0,9–1,4

rounded

smooth, yellow-green with yellow spots, fine mesh

greenish white, medium thickness

5

7

Dune

1,5-2

oval

yellow, with solid mesh

light creamy, thick, grainy, dense, tender, very juicy and sweet

 

10-20

F1 Lyubava

1,5 – 2

wide-

elliptical

dark yellow with small yellow spots, smooth, with a linear mesh of medium thickness

white, medium thickness, melting, tender, juicy

5,7-6,1

 

F1 Miron *

1,9-2,8

obovate

dark yellow with a grayish tint, with a mesh of medium density and thickness, weak

segmented, smooth

white, thick, crumbly, tender, medium juiciness

2,4 – 4,8

10

F1 Extraordinary

2,8-3,5

square, flattened

light yellow with small yellow dots, strongly segmented, strongly grooved with warts, without mesh

dark orange, medium thickness, crumbly, juicy, large seed nest

4,7-5,2

 

F1 Sprint *,**

1-1,2

round

yellow, solid mesh, medium density

greenish-white, thick, melting, tender, juicy, sweet, with a strong aroma

4, 5

up to 2 weeks

F1 Tiger

0,1-0,2

rounded

yellow with spots, smooth, without mesh

white, thin, melting, juicy

3,8-4

 

Medium early (70-85 days)

F1 Galia *, ***

 

rounded

dark green, smooth, with a coarse medium density mesh

greenish-white, small seed nest

 

10-20

F1 Mohawk **

1,2-1,7

oval, segmented, easily detaches from the peduncle

dark green, covered with a dense coarse mesh

thick, orange, melting, juicy

  

F1 Sweet *, ***

1,1-1,8

rounded

bark of medium thickness, yellow-orange, smooth

creamy, very sweet with a melon aroma

1,5-2,5

 

Lada *, **

2,4

oval

yellow, with a dense mesh

white, aromatic, sweet

 

14-20

F1 Galina

2-2,5

rounded

grayish green with a pattern in the form of yellow dots, smooth, with a dense, medium density mesh

green, thick, melting, tender, juicy

6,5-7

 

Golden Moon **

0,7-1,3

globular

yellow-orange, no pattern, firm, flexible

white, dense, sugary, juicy, with a strong melon aroma

1,5-2,5

20

F1 Cantaloupe Yellow

2,5

spherical, segmented

green with a dense coarse mesh

orange, tender, sweet with a tart aroma

  

F1 Carotel

0,6-0,9

rounded, slightly segmented

green with yellow dots, with a thick dense mesh

orange, medium thickness, melting, juicy

5,6-5,9

 

Cappuccino

0,9-1,1

rounded

yellow, smooth, with a weak mesh

white, juicy, aromatic, sweet

 

7

F1 Creed **

1,8 – 2,2

wide-

elliptical

dark yellow with an orange tint, smooth, with a dense mesh

light orange, medium thickness, melting, juicy

2-5

7

F1 Rago

1,6-2,0

rounded, weak

segmented

green with a yellow tint, smooth, with a dense mesh

orange, thick, crispy, not juicy, sweet, with a small seed chamber

3,6-6,2

8

F1 Seokkar **

1,9-3,1

elliptical

yellow, smooth, with a thick dense mesh

yellowish white, thick, melting, juicy, sweet, with a strong aroma

5,2

10-14

F1 Solar

2,1-2,7

wide-

elliptical

yellow with small yellow dots, smooth, no mesh

white, medium thickness, crumbly, juicy

5,1-5,7

 

F1 Fairy

1,8-2,6

rounded

grayish green with small yellow dots, smooth, with a dense mesh of medium density

green, thick, melting, juicy

6,7-7,1

 

F1 Forbant **

2,3

elliptical

light yellow, smooth, no mesh

white, crispy, medium juiciness and density, good taste

 

40-60

F1 Eldorado

1,5-2,5

rounded

yellow-orange, smooth, with a fine dense mesh

white, medium thickness, melting, tender, juicy

6,2-6,9

 

Mid-season (85-95 days)

A pineapple**

1,5 -2,5

oval

orange with fine mesh

white-orange, juicy, very aromatic

  

Golden

1,5-2,0

rounded and oval

yellow-orange, smooth, leathery

white, thick, tender, juicy, sweet

 

10-15

Kazachka 244

1,2-1,8

round or oval, medium size

hard, bright yellow, no pattern, with mesh elements

white, medium thickness, fibrous, slightly crispy, dense, juicy, sweet

 

10-15

Collective farmer**

1,5

globular

dark green, smooth

white, dense, viscous, sweet

  

Kubanochka

1 – 1,7

elliptical

yellow with green grooves and a mesh of medium thickness and density

white, of medium thickness and density, with a small seed nest

2-2,3

 

Mlada **

2,0-2,6

rounded

yellow, smooth, with a mesh of medium density and thickness

light creamy, medium thickness, crispy, juicy, low aroma

0,1-1,7

30

Russian Romance

2,2-2,7

oval, slightly

segmented, medium density

dark yellow, with a mesh of medium thickness

orange, delicate, very sweet, aromatic

  

Sympathy**

2-2,5

oval

orange, fine mesh

light creamy, juicy, sweet and very aromatic

 

10-15

Delight *

2,1-2,6

elliptical

yellow, smooth, with a mesh of medium density and thickness

white, medium thickness, crispy, tender, with a strong aroma

0,9-1

30

Fantasy

1,3-3,6

elliptical

yellow, smooth, with medium-density mesh

light cream, thick, crumbly, delicate, medium, sweet

 

30

Ethiopian *

2,3-2,8

broadly, weakly

segmented (variety Lemon yellow)

smooth, dark yellow with an orange tint, medium density and thick mesh

orange, melting, juicy, with a strong melon aroma

1,5

14

F1 Altyn

2,5-2,8

wide-

elliptical

orange-yellow with dark yellow dots, smooth, with a dense, medium-thick mesh

white, thick, crispy, tender, juicy, aromatic

6

 

F1 Babor *

3,9

oval

yellow, wrinkled, no mesh

creamy, medium thickness, medium juiciness and sweetness

2

60

F1 Lady

2

oval (cultivar cantaloupe)

dark green with mesh pattern

bright orange, dense, juicy, has a special aroma and sweetness

  

F1 Blondie

0,4-0,8

rounded, segmented

gray-green color, thin bark

bright orange, melting, with a high and stable sugar and carotene content

 

3-5

Western Schipper

2-3

variety American cantaloupe

dark green with mesh pattern

orange, very tender and sweet

  

F1 Galileo

1,0-1,5

rounded

smooth, yellow, with a fine, delicate mesh and a small seed nest

greenish, tender, thick and very aromatic

  

F1 Goal *, **

3,5

wide-

elliptical

yellow, with a whitish tinge, smooth, with a continuous fine mesh

greenish-white, medium thickness and density, crispy, juicy, sweet, aromatic

5

21

F1 Margot

1,9-2,5

elongated, segmented

grayish yellow, with small yellow dots, with a thick coarse mesh

dark orange, thick, crumbly, tender, juicy

5,5-5,9

 

F1 Honey Dew

1,2-1,8

rounded, medium diameter

white, smooth, no mesh

green, medium, crispy, juicy

5,8-6,3

 

Nectarine**

1,9-2,5

oval

dark yellow, with a dense mesh

creamy white, juicy, very sweet and aromatic

 

15-20

F1 Rugby

1,9-2,2

elongated, strongly

senmented

dark yellow, no mesh

light orange, medium thickness, crumbly, delicate

6,1-6,8

 

F1 Rosaletto

1,3-2,1

wide-

elliptical

greenish-yellow with yellow dots, smooth, with a fine dense mesh

light orange, medium thickness, melting, juicy

5,1-5,5

 

F1 Citirex *

3,9

rounded

yellow, smooth, with a continuous fine mesh

light green, thick, melting, tender, juicy, harmonious taste

2,6

 

F1 Sweet Heart

1,5-2,0

rounded

white with fine dots, smooth, no mesh

orange, medium thickness, melting, tender, juicy

5,3-6,2

 

F1 Huruma

2,1-2,8

wide-

elliptical

orange-yellow with small yellow dots, smooth, with a fine dense linear and reticular mesh structure

light orange, thick, melting, tender, juicy

6,9-7,2

 

F1 Chick

1,6-1,9

elliptical

lemon yellow, smooth, medium wrinkle, no mesh

greenish white, medium thickness, crispy, juicy

5,0-5,7

 

Medium late (more than 100 days)

F1 Indian Summer

2–2,9

square, tapered to the base

dark green with green dots, smooth, without mesh, with slight wrinkling at the base

light orange, thick, melting, tender, juicy, moderately sweet

6,5-7

 

F1 Serpent Gorynych

2,2-3,1

serpentine, segmented

light yellow, no mesh

white, thin, crumbly, juicy

7,8

use

to eat

under

mature

F1 Kapitoshka

1,2-1,7

obovate, segmented

dark yellow, with small yellow dots, slightly grooved, without mesh

yellowish white, medium thickness, crumbly, juicy

4,9-5,2

 

F1 Man

2

elliptical

yellow, smooth, with solid mesh

white, of medium thickness and density, melting, tender, juicy, sweet, seed nest small

2,3

 

Honeycomb**

2-2,2

rounded

smooth, creamy yellow, no mesh

greenish white, delicate, sweet

  

F1 Autumn Joy

2,5-3,6

elongated

dark green, with small yellow dots, segmented, slightly grooved, no mesh

white, thick, crispy, juicy

5,6-6,6

 

F1 Ophelia

up to 4

rounded

grayish green with a cream shade, smooth, without mesh

greenish white, medium thickness, melting, delicate, aromatic, medium density

4

 

F1 Ricura *, ***

up to 1.8

elliptical

dark green, with dense small yellow dots and spots, medium wrinkled, with a sparse mesh

white, medium thickness, crispy, tender, medium juiciness, good taste

2,3

40-60

F1 Reimel *, ***

up to 3.6

elliptical

(cultivar "Piel de Sapo")

dark green, with dense dark yellow dots, slightly wrinkled, with a fine sparse mesh

white, medium thickness, crispy, tender, juicy, tasty

3,1

40-60

* resistant to fusarium

** resistant to heat, drought, temperature changes

*** resistant to powdery mildew

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