Common agrimony, or burdock (Agrimonia eupatoria), in natural conditions, it is quite often found in the southern and central regions of Russia. This plant grows along roads, on slopes, meadows, edges of deciduous and pine forests and among shrubs. Agrimony is a perennial, has a thick short rhizome. Its aboveground part looks very attractive and may be of interest to many landowners. This plant deserves introduction into culture for another reason - it has healing properties.
Imagine a tall, upright plant in your garden with a shaggy stem covered with prominent curly hairs. In June - August, during the flowering period, a long, dense, spike-like raceme appears, similar to a candle, consisting of many small (10-12 mm) golden-yellow flowers with five petals. In addition to the above decorative advantages, agrimony has a pleasant aroma. Flat fruits with bulging cones also give originality to this plant. They are harvested in autumn and sown in a sunny or semi-shaded place before winter in well-cultivated soil fertilized with deciduous-coniferous compost. The distance between the plants after thinning should be at least 30 cm. In the first year of life, a root rosette of leaves is formed. Stem leaves are alternate, intermittent-pinnate, dark green above, slightly hairy, velvety below.
The leaves contain flavonoids, coumarins, steroid saponins, vitamins K, P and C, glycosidic bitter and tannins, fragrant essential oil and traces of magnesium, which affects the processes of blood circulation, blood clotting and the functioning of the endocrine glands. Leaves are harvested with branches during flowering without the lower lignified parts of the stem.
Agrimony has a stimulating effect on the liver and gallbladder. It is recommended to use it for cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis. This plant also has a fixing, diuretic and hemostatic effect. Agrimony also has another name - an ordinary love spell, which indicates that it was used by healers and sorceresses.
For the treatment of stomatitis, gingivitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, congestion, as well as stones in the kidneys and bladder, gastritis, enterocolitis (with a tendency to diarrhea), prepare an infusion of 3 teaspoons of common agrimony for 250 ml of boiling water, insist in warm place for 2 hours, filter. Take 70 ml 3 times a day 15-20 minutes before meals.
For rinsing the mouth with bleeding gums, inflamed glands, laryngitis, it is recommended to prepare a decoction of 100 g of common agine grass per 1 liter of water. The drug is boiled for 20 minutes on low heat, filtered, add 2 tbsp. spoons of honey.
For pulmonary and uterine bleeding, prepare a decoction of 30 g of grass per 350 ml of water, boil until the volume of liquid decreases by 2 times, filter. Take 1 tbsp. spoon every 3 hours.
In case of pain in the abdomen and chest, rashes in children, an infusion of 20 g of common agine grass is prepared for 1 glass of boiling water, it is insisted for 2 hours, filtered, and a quarter of a glass is drunk 4 times a day.
Do not confuse common agrimony with two other outwardly similar species - fragrant and hairy. A distinctive feature of the first of them is the presence of glandular hairs on the stem and a powerful branched rhizome. It has no medicinal properties. In the second species, pubescence is absent on the upper side of the leaves, and on the lower one it is more rare. On the fruits of the hairy agape, spines converging in a cone are present. The hairy agrimony is used in the same way as the common agrimony.
"Ural gardener", No. 46, 2010