Blackroot medicinal people have many nicknames - dog tongue, cat soap, scrofulous grass. Its main habitat is weedy places in vegetable gardens, near roads, on the sunny edge of the forest, etc.
Blackroot medicinal(Cynoglossum officinale) Is a biennial herb up to 90–100 cm high with a straight pubescent stem, branching in the upper part, and a taproot. Leaves are lanceolate, up to 20 cm long, covered with a thin grayish felt. The flowers are usually dark purple, collected in rather beautiful paniculate inflorescences. Blackroot fruits, when ripe, disintegrate into nuts, covered with sharp spines, which cling very well to any clothing. Blackroot blooms from late May to August. All parts of the plant have a noticeable unpleasant mouse smell.
On any garden plot, it is desirable to have 1-2 blackroot bushes. To do this, it can be dug up somewhere near the road and planted in the corner of the site in a place well-lit by the sun. Garden black root grows abundantly and for a long time, it is very unpretentious to care.
Propagate it, if necessary, by easily sowing seeds in spring or before winter, planting it to a depth of 3-4 cm. But there are often cases when the seeds germinate only after a year.
As a remedy, black root has a fairly strong analgesic and absorbing effect in fractures, various inflammations, arthritis, rheumatism. To use it for medicinal purposes, both fresh and dried black root leaves are scalded with boiling water, wrapped in gauze and applied to sore spots.
Blackroot is poisonous! In no case should you take its leaves, decoctions, infusions in your mouth, and after preparing it, you must thoroughly wash your hands.
A decoction of blackroot leaves and twigs is an excellent remedy for aphids and caterpillars. To prepare the infusion, it is necessary to pour 300 g of leaves with one bucket of water, bring to a boil and then insist until the broth cools down. You can add a bar of laundry soap to the broth.
The blackroot has another unusual and useful property - it can scare away and even exterminate insects and rodents. Mice and rats cannot stand its smell, which in the old days they used in villages, spraying and pouring blackroot decoction on the walls, floors and underground of barns and sheds.
And now, to protect fruit trees from mice, many gardeners at the base of the trunks over the first snow scatter crushed stems, roots and leaves of blackroot or water the ground near the trunk with infusion of blackroot grass on an area of 2-3 sq.m.
Do not confuse the poisonous plant black root and scorzoner - a magnificent root vegetable that has many popular names, including such as black root or black carrot.
Blackroot medicinal is a poisonous plant, a thunderstorm of mice and insects. And scorzoner (popularly - black root), so named for its almost black color, is a delicious root vegetable with exceptional medicinal benefits, especially for diabetics. Many gardeners, especially beginners, often confuse the similar names of these plants.