Useful information

Choosing varieties of carrots

Nowadays, there are many good varieties and hybrids of carrots. You just need to choose those that best suit your growing conditions and storage in winter. When choosing a variety, it is necessary to take into account the fact that a good harvest of long-fruited carrot varieties can only be obtained on soils with a deep arable layer. It should also be noted that our domestic varieties and hybrids of carrots are in no way inferior to foreign ones in terms of yield, and in terms of carotene content, taste and keeping quality they often significantly surpass them.

According to the ripening period, all carrot varieties can be conditionally divided into three groups. In early ripening varieties, 85-100 days pass from germination to harvesting of root crops, in mid-ripening varieties - from 105 to 120 days, and in late-ripening varieties - 125 days or more.

So how do you choose a variety for carrots? Which is preferable - varieties or heterotic hybrids, domestic or foreign varieties? Gardeners and truck farmers need to address this issue annually.

It should not be forgotten that most varieties and heterotic hybrids of foreign selection were bred taking into account, first of all, the appearance of carrots - smooth in length and diameter, smooth roots, and their taste and useful qualities are somewhat reduced. In most foreign varieties, the carotene content is lower than in domestic varieties, and many of them are stored somewhat worse under our conditions.

For early sowing, short-root carrots are suitable. It is these varieties that have the shortest growing season. Round varieties ripen quickly, but are less productive. So, short carrots are preferable, which more efficiently uses the area of ​​the ridge.

If you want to get early products for sale, then in this case you need to focus on hybrids of foreign selection, their choice in stores is now richest. And for long-term storage in winter, take better domestic varieties, since they are better adapted to the peculiarities of our unpredictable climate and are distinguished by good keeping quality.

To help gardeners in the difficult question of choice, we give a brief description of some varieties and hybrids of carrots.

Early ripe varieties and hybrids of carrots

  • Alenka - an early ripe carrot variety. Bunch carrots are harvested after 50 days. Root vegetables up to 12 cm long, orange in color, excellent taste.
  • Amsterdam - an early ripe carrot variety suitable for growing in greenhouses. Root crops are cylindrical, 10–12 cm long, orange, with a small core, tender, juicy, excellent taste, resistant to cracking. The yield of root crops is average.
  • Belgien White - carrots with white root vegetables similar to parsnips. In the process of heat treatment, it acquires an original aroma and is used for fried and stewed dishes.
  • Bangor F1 - an early ripe hybrid of carrots for long-term storage. Root crops are narrow, elongated, weighing up to 200 g.
  • Dragon - a bright orange core is hidden under the bright purple skin. Raw roots have a peculiar smell, which evaporates after cooking hot dishes.
  • Fun F1 - a new early ripe fruitful hybrid. Root crops are cylindrical, bright orange, with a small heart, good taste.
  • Carotel paris - the earliest and probably the oldest of all carrot varieties. Root crops are very short, round-ovoid, orange, with excellent dessert taste. The yield of the variety is low, but children are usually very fond of eating it.
  • Kinby - strong, dense orange roots with a nutty aroma, equally tasty both raw and cooked.
  • Coloring F1 - an early ripe hybrid of carrots for fresh use and baby food. Root crops are cylindrical, smooth, bright orange, weighing up to 200 g, excellent taste. They are completely submerged in the soil.
  • Lagoon F1 - a very early ripe fruitful hybrid.Root crops are cylindrical, up to 20 cm long, even in shape and size, with a small core, excellent taste. Well suited for winter sowing.
  • Mars F1 - an early ripe fruitful hybrid of carrots with a very early ripening of the bundle product. Root crops are elongated, conical, of good taste, with a small and juicy heart, with a high content of carotene.
  • Parmex - an early ripe carrot variety. Root crops are almost spherical, up to 4 cm in diameter, weighing 40-50 g. Their bark and core are bright orange. The pulp is tender and juicy, of excellent taste, suitable for whole-fruit canning. This carrot variety can be grown in an area with a thin arable layer. Root crops are harvested when they reach a diameter of 2-3 cm.
  • Round baby has small root vegetables with typical carrot flavor. Children love their unusual round shape. This variety can be grown in containers.
  • Touchon - early ripening variety of carrots. Root crops are cylindrical, up to 20 cm long, with juicy and sweet pulp of bright orange color. The storage period is not very long.
  • Fairy - an early ripe carrot variety for universal use. Cylindrical roots, weighing up to 170 g, are very well stored in winter.
  • Finhor - early ripening fruitful variety. Ripening of root crops occurs approximately 80 days after the appearance of the first shoots. The root crop is large, weighing up to 150 g. The shape is conical, smooth, with a blunt tip, practically does not have a core. Dessert-tasting root vegetables, rich in carotene. Plants do not require hilling, since the root crop does not appear at all above the soil surface. The variety is very resistant to various diseases, but not suitable for long-term storage.
  • Expredo F1 - an early ripening high-yielding hybrid. Cylindrical root crops, excellent taste. Valuable for early production.

Mid-season varieties and hybrids of carrots

  • Altair F1 - mid-season fruitful hybrid of carrots. The root crop is cylindrical, bright orange, with a small pith, with a high sugar content. Resistant to low temperatures.
  • Viking - mid-season variety with a high carotene content. The root vegetable is slightly conical, up to 20 cm long, with a small core, with tender and juicy pulp. The variety has excellent keeping quality.
  • Vitamin 6 Is a mid-season variety widely grown by gardeners. Grows well on drained peat bog soils. Root crops are cylindrical, up to 20 cm long, with bright orange-red pulp. Keeping quality of root crops is average. The average carotene content in 100 g of carrots reaches 16.4 mg.
  • Callisto F1 - mid-season fruitful hybrid of carrots. Root crops are cylindrical, even, smooth, orange, juicy, well stored in winter, have a high carotene content, practically without a core.
  • Canada F1 is a mid-season fruitful hybrid of carrots. Root crops are long, conical, weighing up to 200 g. The pulp and core are orange, very tasty, with a high carotene content.
  • Leander - the variety has a long ripening period, has a stable yield. Root crops are large enough, reaching a mass of 110 g. This variety does not require hilling, since the roots are completely in the soil. The root crop has a cylindrical shape and a medium-sized core, suitable for long-term storage.
  • Losinoostrovskaya 13 - mid-season variety, grows well on drained peatlands. Root crops are cylindrical, up to 18 cm long, with red-orange pulp, high in carotene. The variety is high-yielding, the average carotene content in 100 g of carrots reaches 18.5 mg.
  • Mark Gertner - mid-season variety for autumn and early winter consumption. Cylindrical roots, excellent color and excellent taste.
  • Moscow winter - a common mid-season fruitful variety. Root crops are elongated-conical with a blunt end and a small core, bright orange, juicy, sweet, well stored until spring.
  • Nandrin F1 - mid-season fruitful hybrid of carrots with leveled, smooth, long roots up to 20 cm long and weighing up to 300 g. Bright orange pulp with a small purple core, excellent taste.
  • Nantes 4 - the most widespread variety of carrots in Russia. Ripening period and yield are average. In terms of taste, it is an unsurpassed variety. Root crops are cylindrical, weighing up to 150 g, with orange-red pulp. The average content of carotene is up to 10.6 mg per 100 g of carrots. Root crops are stored until mid-winter.
  • Nanates Tito - mid-season variety. Root crops are aligned, cylindrical, with a slightly pointed tip, weighing up to 180 g, their bark and core are orange. The pulp is juicy, tender, of good taste. The yield is stable and high. The variety is suitable for fresh use, canning, freezing, winter storage, growing for bunch products.
  • F1 nectar - mid-season, very productive hybrid. Root crops are smooth, cylindrical, up to 22 cm long, resistant to cracking and breaking. The color of the pulp together with the core is bright orange, intense, sweet taste.
  • Nelly F1 - mid-early hybrid. Root crops are leveled, cylindrical, 25–28 cm long, weighing up to 110–120 g. The bark and core are orange, of excellent taste. Demanding on soil fertility, grown in high beds with a large loose arable layer. Root crops are suitable for fresh use, for canning, freezing, growing for bunch products.
  • Incomparable - a mid-season fruitful carrot variety with a high carotene content. Root crops are conical, with a blunt top. The pulp is orange, bright, with a small pith.
  • NIIOH 336 - a widespread mid-season, high-yielding variety. Root crops are cylindrical, up to 18 cm long, with orange pulp, good taste. Root crops are well stored, the carotene content in them is up to 19 mg per 100 g of product.
  • Olympian F1 - mid-season fruitful hybrid of carrots. Root crops are smooth, cylindrical, with a blunt tip, the flesh and core are orange, of excellent taste.
  • Perfection - mid-season fruitful variety. Root crops are conical, very large, up to 30 cm long. The pulp is orange, the core is lighter and coarser. Stores well in winter.
  • Rex F1 - mid-season carrot hybrid. Root crops are aligned, conical, short, with a sharp tip, orange, with a small pith. The value of the hybrid is high yield, excellent taste.
  • Rote-Riesen - mid-season fruitful variety. Root crops are large, up to 20 cm long, slightly conical, orange-red, of excellent taste. The variety is fruitful, keeping quality of root crops is good.
  • Typhoon - mid-season variety. Root crops are cone-shaped, up to 16-17 cm long. The pulp is orange, the core is medium-sized. The taste and keeping quality are excellent.
  • Flaky F1 - mid-season fruitful variety, distinguished by a wonderful appearance and leveled root crops. They are blunt-conical, up to 25-28 cm long and more, beautiful, orange-red in color, excellent taste, well stored in winter.
  • Forto F1 - mid-season variety. Root crops are cylindrical, up to 20 cm long. The pulp is juicy, tender, the core is almost invisible. Stores well until spring.
  • Chance - mid-season fruitful variety for fresh consumption and long-term storage. The root crop is truncated-cone-shaped, with a blunt tip (like Shantane), orange, with a large core, weighing up to 130 g. The pulp is dense, juicy, of good taste.

Late ripening varieties and hybrids of carrots

  • Valeria 5 - late-ripening variety with long conical roots with red pulp and yellow heart. The variety has a high yield, roots are well stored until spring.
  • Vita Longa - late-ripening variety with long roots that do not crack and keep well until spring. They contain a lot of carotene and sugar, very tasty, but especially good for juicing.
  • Yellowstone - late ripening variety.Root crops are aligned, fusiform, with a pointed tip, weighing up to 200 g. The color of the bark and core is yellow. Good taste. The variety is very productive. Recommended for home cooking.
  • Olympus Is a popular late-ripening fruitful variety. Root crops are long, juicy, of excellent taste, rich in carotene, well stored until the end of winter.
  • Select - late ripening variety. Root crops up to 15 cm long, well stored until the end of winter. They contain a lot of carotene and are good for baby food.
  • Scarla - late-ripening fruitful variety. Root crops are cylindrical, up to 22 cm long, weighing up to 300 g, excellent taste, perfectly stored until spring.
  • Perfection - late-ripening variety for winter use. Root crops up to 20 cm long, firm, juicy, well stored until the end of winter.
  • Tinga F1 - late ripening, very productive hybrid. The root vegetable is conical, long, with a slightly pointed tip, weighing up to 120 g. The bark is red, the core is orange, the flesh is dense, the taste is excellent. Designed for fresh use, canning and winter storage.
  • Totem F1 - late ripening fruitful hybrid. The root crop is conical, long, with a pointed tip. The bark and pith are red. Root vegetable weight up to 150 g. Taste qualities are good and excellent. Root crops are intended for fresh use, canning and winter storage.
  • Chantenay 2461 Is a widespread late-ripening variety. Root crops are conical, thick, short. The flesh is very firm, orange, with a mediocre taste. Root weight up to 300 g, with good care and sufficient moisture up to 500 g or more. Root crops are well stored until spring.
  • Java - late-ripening variety of carrots. Root crops up to 20 cm long. They acquire a bright color in late autumn, contain a lot of carotene, and are well stored until spring.