Of all the many species of morning glory in the culture, the most famous are the purple morning glory and the tricolor morning glory.
Ipomoea purple (Ipomaea purpurea), among the people - bindweed, gramophone, belongs to the bindweed family. The homeland of these plants is the countries of Central and South America.
The name of the plant comes from Greek words ips - worm and homoios - path, because the curly stem and rhizome of many species do indeed resemble a long worm.
Ipomoea grows rapidly, in a short time its shoots reach a height of 3-4 meters, and in areas with a long warm period - up to 7 meters. Its stem is curly, pubescent. Bright green, ovate-pointed leaves with long petioles densely cover the stem. Plants create a dense green drape. Ipomoea flowers are single, large, on a short pedicel, up to 6 cm in diameter, funnel-shaped, of various colors - white, blue, blue, purple, purple, monochromatic or variegated, striped and double forms are found. Abundant flowering from late June until frost. Each morning glory flower lives only one day. They are open in the morning and then close by 2-5 pm.
Ipomoea propagates by sowing seeds in open ground at the end of May or in pots for seedlings at the beginning of May. It is undesirable to sow seeds for seedlings too early, because the plants emerge already on the 5th-7th day, they grow rapidly, curling together, and by the time of planting they are very difficult to untangle.
The grown seedlings are planted with a lump of earth at the end of May, without a lump the seedlings take root badly. The distance between plants is 15–25 cm. When planting plants on the south side of buildings, to retain moisture, the soil must be mulched.
Ipomoea is used, as a rule, for vertical gardening of walls of buildings and structures, gazebos, balconies, terraces, pergolas, arches, fences.
"Ural gardener", No. 18, 2011