Savoy cabbage is much sweeter than white cabbage, and in its nutritional qualities it is in many ways superior to its relative, this type of cabbage is especially useful for children and the elderly. It, like white cabbage, comes from wild species that grow on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea. It got its name from the name of the Italian county of Savoy, whose population has grown it since ancient times.
Today, it is this type of cabbage that is widespread in Western Europe and the United States, occupying vast areas there. There it is eaten more than all other types of cabbage. And in Russia it is not widespread. There are several reasons for this - it is less productive, poorly stored and more demanding to care for.
It tastes like cauliflower. In cooking, savoy cabbage is considered the best cabbage for making stuffed cabbage and pies, it makes the most delicious cabbage soup and vegetarian soups, it is indispensable in summer salads. And any dish made from it is an order of magnitude tastier than the same one, but made from white cabbage. It is quite obvious that Europeans and Americans were not mistaken when choosing the filling for their pies.
In addition to taste, it has another advantage: its leaves are very delicate and do not have hard veins, like the leaves of a white-headed relative. Corrugated Savoy cabbage leaves are intended for cabbage rolls, because It is convenient to lay the minced meat in the hollow of a raw sheet, and the sheet itself can be easily folded into an envelope or rolled into a tube. It is plastic without boiling and does not break. But for the traditional in Russia pickling of cabbage, it is generally not suitable, because there is no crunchiness, so necessary for this dish, as that of a white-headed sister.
Possesses valuable nutritional and dietary properties. In terms of vitamin C content, it competes with potatoes, oranges, lemons, tangerines, and contains other vitamins. These substances play an important role in normal human nutrition, improve digestion, metabolism, cardiovascular activity and actively affect other processes. Savoy cabbage proteins and fiber are very easy to digest. That is why this product is included in the most gentle therapeutic diets and has a high value for the prevention and treatment of numerous gastrointestinal diseases.
In appearance, Savoy cabbage is similar to white cabbage. But her head of cabbage is much smaller, since it consists of thinner and more delicate leaves. Heads of cabbage have different shapes - from rounded to flat-rounded. Their weight ranges from 0.5 to 3 kg, they are much looser than that of white cabbage. Heads of cabbage have many coverts and are prone to cracking. It is also very important that they are less damaged by pests and diseases than the heads of white cabbage.
Savoy cabbage leaves are large, strongly curly, wrinkled, bubbly, green in color with different shades depending on the variety. The natural conditions of central Russia are well suited for growing this healthy vegetable. It is more hardy than other types of cabbage. Some late varieties of Savoy cabbage are especially cold-resistant.
Its seeds begin to germinate already at a temperature of +3 degrees. In the cotyledon phase, young plants withstand frosts down to -4 degrees, and the established hardened seedlings tolerate frosts down to -6 degrees. Adult plants of late-ripening varieties easily tolerate autumn frosts down to -12 degrees.
Savoy cabbage can be left on the bed under the snow later. Before use, such cabbage must be dug out, cut off, and poured over with cold water. At the same time, low temperatures have a beneficial effect on the taste of heads of cabbage, it retains all its medicinal properties.
Savoy cabbage is more drought-resistant than other types of cabbage, although at the same time it is demanding on moisture, because the evaporating surface of its leaves is very large. It is a plant of long daylight hours, photophilous. Has significant resistance to leaf-eating pests.
Demanding to high soil fertility and responsive to the introduction of organic and mineral fertilizers, and mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties are more demanding than early ripening.
Savoy cabbage varieties
Of the varieties of Savoy cabbage for growing in gardens, the following are worth noting:
- Alaska F1 - late ripening hybrid. The leaves are strongly blistery, with a thick waxy bloom. Heads of cabbage are dense, weighing up to 2 kg, excellent taste, suitable for long-term storage.
- Vienna early 1346 - early ripening variety. The leaves are dark green, strongly corrugated, with a weak waxy bloom. Heads of cabbage are dark green, round, of medium density, weighing up to 1 kg. The variety is very fragile to cracking.
- Vertus - medium late variety. Heads of cabbage are large, weighing up to 3 kg, spicy taste. For winter consumption.
- Twirling 1340 - medium-late yielding variety. Leaves are gray-green, with a waxy bloom. Heads of cabbage are flat-rounded, weighing up to 2.5 kg, medium density, stored until mid-winter.
- Virosa F1 - mid-late hybrid. Heads of cabbage of good taste, intended for winter storage.
- Gold early - early ripening variety. Heads of cabbage of medium density, weighing up to 0.8 kg. An excellent variety for fresh use, resistant to head cracking.
- Cosima F1 - late ripening fruitful hybrid. Heads of cabbage are medium in size, dense, weighing up to 1.7 kg, yellowish on the cut. Stores well in winter.
- Komparsa F1 Is a very early ripening hybrid. Heads of cabbage are light green, medium density, resistant to cracking.
- Chroma F1 - mid-season hybrid. Heads of cabbage are dense, weighing up to 2 kg, green, with a small inner stalk, suitable for long-term storage. The taste is excellent.
- Melissa F1 - mid-season hybrid. Heads of cabbage strongly corrugated, medium density, weighing up to 2.5-3 kg, excellent taste. Resistant to head cracking, well stored in winter.
- World F1 Is a very early ripening hybrid. Heads of cabbage weighing up to 1.5 kg, do not crack, have excellent taste.
- Ovasa F1 - mid-late hybrid. Its leaves have a strong waxy coating and a large bubbly surface. Heads of cabbage are medium. Plants are resistant to unfavorable weather conditions, are slightly affected by mucous and vascular bacteriosis and fusarium wilt.
- Savoy King F1 - mid-season hybrid with a large rosette of light green leaves. Plants form large and dense heads of cabbage.
- Stylon F1 - late ripening hybrid. Heads of cabbage are blue-greenish-gray, round, resistant to cracking and frost.
- Sphere F1 - mid-season fruitful hybrid. Heads of cabbage weighing up to 2.5 kg with dark green covering leaves, medium density, on the cut - yellow, good taste.
- Julius F1 - an early ripe hybrid. Leaves are finely bubbly, heads of cabbage are round, of medium density, weighing up to 1.5 kg, transportable.